Everyone has heard the term of cold sores. These are fluid filled blisters or vesicles which appear anywhere but common on the face. It can affect lips, mouth, tongue or nose. We will concentrate cold sore on nose because sore under nose or on nose is extremely painful and one must know how to get relief from it as soon as possible. Being viral infection cold sore on nose resolves itself with 10-14 days. Cold sore on nose treatment involves the relief from painful symptoms.
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Causes of Cold Sore on Nose
The fluid-filled blisters are caused by viral infection. The causative virus is called as Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV1). This virus is known to stay in the systemic circulation lifetime once it gets into the body. However, it does not mean that staying in the body it’ll cause cold sores again and again. But the virus stays dormant until any trigger activates it. In some patients who are carriers of Herpes virus type 1, the do not get any infection throughout the lifetime. Reactivation depends on various factors and these also differ from person to person. The triggers which can activate latent virus are:
- Weakened immune system due to HIV or chemotherapy.
- Hormonal changes as in menstruation.
The individuals with the weak immune system are also more prone to develop complications from a cold sore on nose. So, if one has a weak immune system, he or she must take care to avoid triggers and reactivation of the virus.
Symptoms of Nasal Cold Sore
A nasal cold sore can start on any location; it can either be a cold sore under nose, cold sore inside nose, or cold sore on tip of nose. The symptoms depend on the location, extent, and severity of the infection. The first-time infection is usually severe, and symptoms are more intense while recurrent infections have milder symptoms. Sore under nose or cold sore inside nose can present with the following symptoms:
- Tingling and itching: it is the first symptom at the area where the cold sore will appear afterward. You’ll feel tingling and burning inside the nose if you are having cold sore inside nose, under the nose if you have sore under nose and tingling on the tip of nose in case of a cold sore on the tip.
- Blister: after tingling sensation fluid-filled blisters start appearing, it’ll be reddish and fluid filled. The blister is extremely painful and tender. At this stage of infection, one need pain relief. After a few days the blister ruptures and scab forms.
- Muscular pains.
- Lymph nodes draining nose may swell in case of cold sore under nose or cold sore inside nose.
Cold Sore on Nose Treatment
Cold sore on nose need treatment although being a viral infection it resolves after completing its course of infection. But to relieve the symptoms cold sore on nose requires treatment. The treatment also speeds up the recovery process and makes the whole infective period bearable. Cold sore on nose treatment can be done via seeking medications or by home remedies.
We will discuss both treatment options for cold sore under nose and cold sore inside nose. This treatment can be used for cold sore anywhere around
Home remedies for Cold Sore on Nose
Home remedies are a better option if one has a recurrent cold sore under nose, cold sore inside nose or cold sore around nose. Because the main goal of managing cold sore on nose is to reduce the severity of symptoms the home remedies work best for relieving pain, soreness, redness, and itching. You can choose any of the following home remedies:
Ice: cold compresses are too effective in relieving soreness and redness of the cold sore. It also speeds up the recovery process. You can wrap an ice cube in a towel or any cloth and place it on the sore for 5 to 10 minutes.
Aloe Vera: It is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent. Applying aloe Vera gel on the affected area reduces the inflammation and heals the sore fast.
Licorice powder: Glycyrrhiza, active substance present in licorice is effective antiviral agent. Applying licorice powder directly on the cold sore on nose will heal it in a short time and relieves pain.
Complication of a cold sore on nose are rare but they can happen in immune-compromised patients and in the patient who does not seek management timely. The virus can spread to eyes causing an ulcer in the cornea and ultimately leading to blindness. The other common complication is superimposed bacterial infection. In such cases, pus or persistent fever is the prominent symptom. One must consult a doctor timely to prevent complications.
Prevention is the best cure but as already said that once the virus gets into the system, it life time. Herpes virus is highly contagious so one must avoid physical contact with other people. Avoid using shared cosmetics, towels, and anything which have the suspicion of a virus on it. Wash hands if you touch the cold sore.
Cold sores usually take around two weeks to completely resolve. Try to stay calm if you have cold sore because once happen you can do nothing to prevent it from occurring. Stress and anxiety will only prolong its healing time, but during this time one must keep others safe by taking necessary preventive measures. The preventive measure must also be taken for recurrence of the cold sores.